The Ultimate Guide to Planning Your Safari Adventure

If you’ve ever dreamt of witnessing the raw beauty of wildlife in their natural habitat, a safari is the adventure of a lifetime. However, planning a safari requires careful consideration and preparation to ensure a seamless and unforgettable experience. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take you through each step of the process, highlighting some of the most remarkable safari destinations worldwide. So pack your beige-coloured pants and binoculars and let’s dive right in!

1. Budget

Planning a safari is an exciting endeavor, but it’s essential to set a realistic budget to ensure your adventure aligns with your financial goals. Here, we’ll delve deeper into budget planning, providing tips and insights to help you make the most of your safari without breaking the bank.

Determine Your Total Budget: Before diving into the specifics, establish the total amount you’re willing to spend on your safari adventure. This should encompass all expenses, including:

  • Flights: Research and compare airfare prices to your chosen destination. Sites like Skyscanner, Kayak & Momondo are great for helping you find the best flight deals.
  • Accommodation: Consider different types, from luxury lodges to budget-friendly campsites. (We go into more detail below)
  • Safari Tours: Decide on the duration and type of safari experience you want
  • Meals and Activities: Plan for daily meals, park fees, and any additional excursions.
  • Travel Insurance: Don’t forget to factor in the cost of comprehensive travel insurance. We highly recommend True Traveller!
  • Visa and Vaccinations: Include fees for visas and any necessary vaccinations.
  • Souvenirs and Extras: Allow some room in your budget for souvenirs or unexpected expenses.

Prioritize Your Expenses: Once you have your total budget, prioritize your expenses based on what matters most to you. Consider these factors:

  • Safari Duration: Decide how many days you want to spend on safari. Longer safaris often come with higher costs.
  • Travel Season: Research peak and off-peak seasons. Traveling during the off-peak season can lead to cost savings.
  • Activities: Select specific activities and experiences that are must-dos for you. Some may come at an additional cost.
  • Flights: Be flexible with your travel dates to find the best flight deals!

Research and Compare: One of the most crucial steps in budget planning is thorough research. Look into different safari operators, lodges, and travel agencies to find the best value for your money. Here are some strategies:

  • Read Reviews: Check online reviews and travel forums to gauge the reputation of safari operators and accommodations.
  • Consider Group Tours: Group tours can be more budget-friendly than private safaris as costs are shared. We have a great selection of Safari group tours that you can check out here!
  • Off-the-Beaten-Path: Explore lesser-known safari destinations, which can be more affordable than well-trodden ones.

2. Destination Selection

Choosing the right destination is the cornerstone of planning a safari. Each country offers a unique blend of wildlife, landscapes, and cultural experiences. Here are some top safari destinations to consider:


When it comes to incredible safari experiences, Botswana stands out as a true gem in the heart of Africa. This enchanting land, nestled between Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa, boasts pristine landscapes, remarkable wildlife diversity, and a commitment to sustainable tourism.

The Okavango Delta: the crown jewel of Botswana’s wilderness – the Okavango Delta. This UNESCO World Heritage site is a breathtaking mosaic of crystal-clear channels, lush islands, and meandering waterways. What makes it truly unique is the fact that it’s the world’s largest inland delta, formed as the Okavango River flows into the Kalahari Desert.

What to expect:

  • Mokoro Safaris: Glide silently in traditional dugout canoes as you spot hippos, crocodiles, and an array of birdlife.
  • Big Five Encounters: While the delta is renowned for its water-based safaris, it’s also home to a diverse range of land-based wildlife, including elephants, lions, leopards, buffalos, and rhinos.
  • Scenic Flights: Take to the skies in a light aircraft for a bird’s-eye view of the delta’s intricate patterns. 

Chobe National Park: Heading to the northern reaches of Botswana, Chobe National Park beckons with its incredible elephant populations and a riverfront teeming with life. Here, it’s all about wildlife abundance, especially the majestic African elephants.

What to expect:

  • Elephant Safaris: Witness the world’s largest concentration of elephants as they gather by the Chobe River to quench their thirst.
  • Boat Safaris: Drift along the river on a boat safari, where you can spot hippos, crocodiles, and a profusion of bird species.
  • Savannah Adventures: Venture into the park’s dry savannahs for encounters with lions, leopards, and other iconic African animals.

Moremi Game Reserve: Located within the Okavango Delta, the Moremi Game Reserve is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. This protected area showcases the rich tapestry of African fauna and flora in a pristine environment.

What to expect:

  • Predator Sightings: Moremi is renowned for its leopard and wild dog populations, offering rare opportunities for close encounters.
  • Birding Heaven: Birdwatchers will be in awe of the diverse avian species, from fish eagles to kingfishers.
  • Off-the-Grid Camping: Experience true wilderness by camping in designated sites, where the sounds of nature lull you to sleep.

The Kalahari Desert:  Botswana’s Kalahari Desert is not your typical arid wasteland. It’s a place of unexpected beauty, where red sands stretch to the horizon, and wildlife adapts to this seemingly harsh environment.

What to expect:

  • Meerkat Encounters: Witness the endearing meerkats as they forage and stand guard, providing fantastic photo opportunities.
  • Night Skies: Camp under the desert’s vast, star-studded skies for a celestial experience.
  • San Bushman Culture: Learn from the indigenous San people about their deep connection to this desert.

Best Time to Visit: The dry season (May to October) is ideal for wildlife viewing, while the wet season (November to April) brings lush landscapes and migratory birds.

Come see Botswana for yourself on one of our Botswana Experiences!

South Africa:

South Africa is a country that beckons travellers from around the world with its promise of exhilarating safaris and adventures where wildlife, landscapes, and vibrant cities await. 

Kruger National Park: Kruger National Park is an icon in the world of wildlife conservation. This immense park, larger than some countries, is a sanctuary for Africa’s iconic Big Five and a trove of biodiversity.

What to expect:

  • Game Drives: Embark on thrilling game drives, led by experienced rangers, to seek out lions, leopards, elephants, rhinos, and buffalos.
  • Bush Walks: Experience the thrill of walking safaris, where you can get up close to the smaller wonders of the bush.
  • Luxury Lodges: Kruger boasts a range of luxurious lodges and camps for a comfortable and stylish safari experience. 

The Garden Route: Heading south along the coast, the Garden Route reveals itself as a paradise of coastal beauty, lush forests, and charming towns. It’s the perfect complement to your safari adventure.

What to expect:

  • Tsitsikamma National Park: Explore the dramatic coastline, go hiking, and cross the suspension bridge at Storms River Mouth.
  • Knysna: Discover the picturesque town known for its oysters, lush forests, and scenic lagoon.

Cape Town: South Africa’s Mother City, Cape Town, is an enticing blend of culture, history, and natural wonders. Here, Table Mountain provides a backdrop to one of the world’s most beautiful cities.

What to Expect:

  • Table Mountain: Hike or take the cable car to the summit for panoramic views of the city and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Robben Island: Visit the historic prison where Nelson Mandela was incarcerated, a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Cape Winelands: Sip fine wines in Stellenbosch, Franschhoek, and Paarl amid stunning vineyard landscapes.

Madikwe Game Reserve: For a safari experience away from the crowds, venture to Madikwe Game Reserve in South Africa’s North West Province. This lesser-known gem offers excellent game viewing without the crowds.

What to Expect:

  • Exclusive Safaris: Enjoy the luxury of uncrowded game drives in an exclusive reserve.
  • The “Super Seven”: In addition to the Big Five, spot the rare wild dog and cheetah.
  • Family-Friendly: Madikwe is malaria-free and has family-friendly lodges, making it a great choice for a family safari.

Best time to visit: May to September is generally the best time for a South African safari, particularly in Kruger National Park and neighboring reserves. Dry conditions make wildlife spotting easier, and cooler weather reduces the risk of malaria.

Join us on one of our amazing South African Experiences!


Kenya is an excellent safari destination and is often regarded as one of the top safari destinations in Africa.

Nairobi: Kenya’s dynamic capital city, where modernity and nature coexist in harmony.

  • David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust: A haven for baby elephants and rhinos. This heartwarming experience highlights Kenya’s dedication to conservation.
  • Giraffe Centre: Get up close and personal with endangered Rothschild giraffes at the Giraffe Centre. Feeding these graceful giants and learning about their protection is a delightful experience.
  • Nairobi National Park: Nairobi takes pride in being one of the few cities globally with a national park within its borders. A game drive here offers a unique juxtaposition of wildlife against a cityscape backdrop, with Mount Kenya gracing the horizon.

The Maasai Mara: No Kenyan adventure is complete without a visit to the legendary Maasai Mara, where the savannah stretches endlessly, and wildlife thrives.

  • The Great Migration: Immerse yourself in the breathtaking Great Migration, where millions of wildebeest, zebras, and antelopes cross crocodile-infested rivers. It’s nature’s spectacle at its grandest.
  • Big Cat Encounters: The Maasai Mara is renowned for its big cat populations, including lions, leopards, and cheetahs. Be prepared for unforgettable encounters with these magnificent predators.
  • Cultural Immersion: Interact with the Maasai people, celebrated for their vibrant culture and distinctive attire. Engage in traditional dances, visit Maasai villages, and gain insights into their unique way of life.

Amboseli National Park: Where the towering Mount Kilimanjaro provides a stunning backdrop to a park famed for its large elephant herds.

  • Elephant Encounters: Amboseli is renowned for its massive elephant herds. With Kilimanjaro in the background, these gentle giants create an awe-inspiring spectacle.
  • Birdwatcher’s Paradise: If you’re a bird enthusiast, Amboseli won’t disappoint. Its wetlands attract a diverse range of bird species, including flamingos and pelicans.
  • Sundowner with a View: Watch the sunset against the backdrop of Mount Kilimanjaro. It’s a serene moment that captures the essence of Africa.

The Rift Valley Lakes: The Rift Valley Lakes beckon with their serene beauty. Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha are two treasures waiting to be explored.

  • Lake Nakuru National Park: Renowned for its pink flamingos, this park is a haven for birdwatchers. Don’t miss the chance to spot rhinos and leopards.
  • Lake Naivasha: Embark on a boat ride on Lake Naivasha and encounter hippos and a multitude of bird species. Crescent Island, a sanctuary for wildlife, offers an unforgettable experience.

Best Time to Visit: Plan your trip according to your interests. The Great Migration in the Maasai Mara is best observed from July to October, but Kenya offers excellent safari experiences year-round.

3. Accommodation

Accommodations on safaris can vary widely, from rustic campsites to luxurious lodges, and each offers a unique experience. Here’s an overview of the different types of safari accommodations you might encounter:

Luxury Lodges and Tented Camps: These are high-end accommodations designed to provide comfort and luxury in the heart of the wilderness. Lodges can be permanent structures, while tented camps offer a more traditional safari experience with canvas-walled tents. These are spacious, well-appointed rooms or tents with en-suite bathrooms, hot water, electricity, and often air conditioning. Some have private plunge pools, and many offer gourmet dining.

Budget Tented Camps and Guesthouses: Budget-friendly options for travellers seeking a more authentic and economical safari experience. These Basic tents and guesthouses usually come with shared facilities and meals are typically simple and communal.

Mobile Camps: These are temporary camps that can be set up in different locations to follow wildlife migrations or for exclusive, secluded experiences. The tents include basic amenities like beds and en-suite bathrooms. Mobile camps often offer an intimate, immersive experience.

Treehouses and Sleep-Out Platforms: For a truly unique experience, some safaris offer treehouses or sleep-out platforms. These are often open-air or semi-open accommodations. Expect basic bedding and mosquito nets. They provide a thrilling opportunity to sleep under the stars and listen to the sounds of the wilderness.

Homestays and Cultural Lodges: In some regions, you can stay with local communities or in lodges that focus on cultural experiences alongside wildlife encounters. These are usually basic to mid-range accommodations that give you opportunities to engage with local cultures and try traditional meals.

4. What to pack

When preparing for a safari adventure, packing smartly is paramount! Here’s a list of essential items to consider:

  • Neutral-Colored Clothing: Wear earth-toned, neutral colors like khaki, green, or brown to blend in with the environment and avoid bright colors that may scare off animals.
  • Comfortable, Lightweight Clothing: Pack lightweight, breathable fabrics like cotton for hot days and layer for cooler evenings.
  • Sturdy Footwear: Bring comfortable, closed-toe shoes or hiking boots for walking safaris. Sandals are not recommended.
  • Wide-Brimmed Hat and Sunglasses: Protect yourself from the sun with a wide-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses.
  • Sunscreen and Bug Spray: Carry sunscreen with high SPF and insect repellent to protect against sunburn and insect bites.
  • Binoculars and Camera: A good pair of binoculars and a camera with a zoom lens are essential for wildlife viewing and photography.
  • Travel Adapter, Chargers and Power Bank: Ensure you can charge your electronic devices, such as cameras and phones. Carry a power bank to recharge your devices, as electricity availability may be limited.
  • Backpack or Daypack: A small backpack is handy for carrying essentials during game drives and walks.
  • Flashlight or Headlamp: Useful for navigating at night and in case of power outages.

Whether you’re tracking the Big Five in South Africa or exploring the untouched wilderness of Botswana, these destinations offer unforgettable experiences. It’s a journey that promises the essence of Africa, where nature and culture intertwine to create lifelong memories! For any questions or queries don’t hesitate to reach out at info@untravelledpaths.com.

Written by Lucy Kaufmann